|"To eat or not to eat breakfast?" Unfortunately, the scientists geared their research pretty much to this question.|
The researchers' main interest was yet not to investigate the effects of "intermittent fasting", but to find out whether the timing of meal skipping "impacts these risks by affecting circadian regulation of energy balance, glucose metabolism, and postprandial inflammatory responses" (Nas 2017).
|Figure 1: Schematic overview of the study protocol; note: the interventions were isocaloric and had identical nutrient compositions. *Randomly assigned. BSD, breakfast skipping day; DSD, dinner skipping day (Nas 2017)|
- breakfast skipping day (BSD) with the first meal at 1 PM and the last at 7 PM, and
- dinner skipping day (DSD) with the first meal at 7 AM and the last meal at 1 PM